The project provides for the supply of protective devices for healthcare personnel and patients in the two health centres, the installation of oxygen therapy equipment and in particular promotes the use of the ultrasound for chest and lung examinations in the presence of Covid-19 patients. The intervention is carried out at the District Hospital of Namaacha and the Maternal and Child Hospital of Mafuiane, which guarantee the entire coverage of the Maputo District, near South Africa, the first outbreak of Covid-19 in Sub-Saharan Africa.
The ultrasound examination in the diagnosis of pulmonary pathology from COVID-19 offers many advantages: wide clinical versatility of the instrument, possibility of execution directly at the patient's bedside avoiding moving to other rooms or exposure to radiological examinations, ease of disinfection, repeatability over time, fetal and pulmonary evaluation performed by a single figure at the same time with consequent reduction of contact exposure between clinical staff and patients, in the case of pregnant women. In particular, chest ultrasound is a dynamic, risk-free diagnostic tool that can also be performed at home, if the portable device is available, in order to limit the risk of contagion present when the patient is transported to crowded health facilities. Moreover, the examination is able to intercept the minimum initial alterations of pneumopathy, to estimate an index of severity and to follow its evolution. Together with the clinic, this examination can become essential for early diagnosis and appropriate prognostic evaluation to support the management of the clinical course and the eventual decision to hospitalize.